The first step in housebreaking or house-training a new puppy is creating a routine or schedule. Young puppies aren't able to control their bladder as well as older dogs and should be taken out frequently. A general rule of thumb to follow is that puppies can hold their bladder one hour for every month; if a puppy is two months they can hold their urine for around two hours. When taking the puppy outside their owner should take them to a designated spot every time. Using a word as they excrete, such as "outside" or "bathroom," can be used as a way to remind the puppy what to do in the future once they are trained. Rewarding the puppy after they are done excreting helps the puppy recognize outdoors is the proper place to urinate and defecate.
Crate training should be used when the human isn't able to take the dog out within its scheduled time. The crate should be big enough for the puppy to be comfortable, but small enough for them to not want to excrete inside of the crate.
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